There is a frequent misperception that the move from behaviorism to cognitivism implied an abandonment of the possibilities of decomposing knowledge into its elements for purposes of study and decontextualizing these elements for purposes of instruction. We show that cognitivism does not imply outright rejection of decomposition and decontextualization. We critically analyze two movements which are based in part on this rejection--situated learning and constructivism.
(Added: 16-Jan-2000 Hits: 8517)
- Beyond Cognitivism: Mutualism and Postmodern Psychology
Postmodern science is shifting from mechanism toward organicism, from the metaphysics of Descartes toward those of Whitehead. However, cognitivism, which has until recently been the predominant paradigm of Western psychology, retains an implicitly Cartesian view. This is restricting the investigation of consciousness.
(Added: 14-Mar-2000 Hits: 8353)
- Cognition Research
Cognition Research is a non-profit organisation researching cognition in the broad sense that includes any kind of information processing in any kind of system, either natural or artificial. Given the orientation of this research, the terms computing and cognition are largely interchangeable, although computing has an association with artificial systems and cognition may imply information processing in natural systems.
(Added: 4-Jul-2002 Hits: 10165)
- Cognitive Psychology experiment demos
Contains demos that demonstrate important psychological phenomena. There are also links to experiments that you can perform and (possibly) win a prize.
(Added: 4-Dec-2003 Hits: 10478)
- Cognitive Science
A definition of cognitive science as well as a description and a brief history.
(Added: 28-Feb-2004 Hits: 9621)
- COGNITIVE SCIENCE - Marek Kasperski
Polish Site of Cognitive Science, Mind, Brain, Consciousness and Artificial Intelligence.
(Added: 25-Mar-2003 Hits: 2827)
- Cognitive Science Dictionary
A dictionary of cognitive science terms.
(Added: 31-Oct-2004 Hits: 4022)
- Cognitive Social Theories pop
There are two early cognitive social theories, those of Bandura and Mischel. Bandura pioneered the study of observational learning (or vicarious conditioning). He believed that, rather than operating in a mechanistic way, reinforcement provides information about future reinforcement. Such information can be gleaned by watching models' behavior rather than by behaving in a particular way and experiencing the consequences oneself. Note how this definition of reinforcement differs from that of Skinner, for whom one had to experience reinforcement personally to increase a target behavior. Note also that for Bandura, thinking is not an irrelevant activity that occurs within a "black box," but rather is an important object of study in its own right.
(Added: 29-Mar-2000 Hits: 17589)
- Connectionist Models of Mental Disorder
Recent connectionist and "neural network" models of behavior, information processing patterns, and brain activity present in people with cognitive, affective, brain, and behavioral disorders are reviewed on this web site. Ways that assumptions regarding normal and disordered behavior may be represented in connectionist models are discussed for features of various disorders. Similarities and differences between the models and criteria for their evaluation are presented, and suggestions for inclusion of information which may help to make these models more directly comparable in the future are considered.
(Added: 6-Apr-2000 Hits: 4465)
- Consciousness, Folk Psychology, and Cognitive Science
Cognitive science and neuroscience can of course refine and improve upon the folk understanding of consciousness, awareness, and mental states generally. But the folk-psychological constructs should not be jettisoned; they have a role to play in cognitive theorizing.
(Added: 9-Feb-2000 Hits: 4022)
- Existential Theory of Carl Rogers
Rogers claimed that congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathic understanding are necessary and sufficient conditions for interpersonal growth.
(Added: 4-Feb-2000 Hits: 8824)
- Interference: The Stroop Effect
A description of the Stroop Effect, known as interference.
(Added: 1-Feb-2002 Hits: 7133)
- Interpreting Cognitive Phenomena: Review of Donahoe and Palmer
Donahoe and Palmer's Learning and Complex Behavior presents a carefully reasoned case in favor of hierarchical integration based on a single, small set of organizing principles. The book gives serious attention to research findings that have been generated in the traditions of cognitive psychology and psycholinguistics. In doing this, however, it attempts to show explicitly how those findings can be interpreted as products of learning histories involving relatively simple and general processes of behavioral selection.
(Added: 9-Dec-1998 Hits: 1949)
- Neural Mechanisms of Timing
A crucial step in timing research is to isolate clock components from other sources of temporal variability. Significant progress has been made both behaviorally and neurologically. More elaborate experimental designs have helped researchers separate timing mechanisms from motoric, sensory, and mnemonic processes. Marked similarities in the temporal characteristics of the clock in perception and production tasks implicate a common timing system.
(Added: 26-Jun-2000 Hits: 1073)
- PsychExps Home Page - Psychology Experiments on the Internet
PsychExps is a WebSite developed to provide interactive cognitive psychology experiments, thus enabling psychology departments to eliminate many of the expenses associated with providing undergraduate laboratory experiments.
(Added: 29-Nov-1998 Hits: 3057)
- The Infography about Cognitive History
Books and articles recommended by a professor who specializes in research about cognitive history.
(Added: 6-Mar-2004 Hits: 1193)
- The Psychology of Folk Psychology
The phrase 'folk psychology' often bears a narrower sense than the one intended here. It usually designates a theory about mental phenomena that common folk allegedly hold, a theory in terms of which mental concepts are understood. In the present usage, 'folk psychology' is not so restricted. It refers to the ordinary person's repertoire of mental concepts, whether or not this repertoire invokes a theory.
(Added: 9-Feb-2000 Hits: 2111)
- WEB Experimental Psychology Lab
On-line psychology experiments.
(Added: 29-Nov-1998 Hits: 3668)